It would have switched off its transmitter on 31 December 2020, abandoning 580 kHz on medium waves. But the station made famous by its music programming focusing on tango, folklore and typical Uruguayan music continues to transmit. The decision by the owners, who wanted to continue on the web, was overruled by Pablo da Silveira, Minister of Education and Culture, who announced that the government would intervene to temporarily run the station to allow negotiations to take place with potential buyers, who have already come forward. Clarín broadcasts daily about 100 songs by Carlos Gardel, one of the most important interpreters of River Plate and Latin American song. The repertoire is limited to 488 recordings of the highest technical quality so that the same song can be heard every five days.
ABSTRACT (in english)
From Italy begins a journey to the world’s urban radio landscapes. Rome’s radio station dial is full of local stations (36 of the 94 listenable frequencies), while most of the country is dominated by national networks. Among the capital’s radio stations, one out of four speaks about football, giving voice to the fans of the two teams (Roma and Lazio). This has not always been the case: until twenty years ago, talk radio stations were fashionable, but today they have disappeared, but it is possible to listen to some recordings with ads, commercials and programme clips on a site that tells the story.
Article (in italiano)
Inizia dall’Italia il percorso nei panorami radiofonici mondiali, ideato per entrare nello “spirito” delle emittenti che popolano l’etere delle capitali.
La Capitale è tra le poche città italiane a vantare un panorama radiofonico ricco di realtà locali, a differenza, per esempio, di Milano, dove molte emittenti di successo si sono trasformate in network di dimensione nazionale o multi-regionale, affievolendo il legame con il territorio. A Roma, invece, su 94 frequenze ricevibili con un ricevitore domestico o l’autoradio, ben 36 (il 39%) sono locali, come mostra il bandscan realizzato da Armando Finocchi.
Oggi va di moda il calcio
In città hanno sede otto radio nazionali diffuse in FM, delle quali cinque sono pubbliche (Rai Radio1, Rai Radio2, Rai Radio3, GR Parlamento e Isoradio) e tre commerciali (m2o, RDS e Radio Capital). Delle emittenti locali o regionali, una su quattro (8 su 32) si è specializzata nel calcio e alcune sono di proprietà delle società sportive. Molto seguite, basano il loro successo anche sul fatto che dedicano ampio spazio ai commenti e alla dietrologia alimentata dalla rivalità delle tifoserie rivali.
…mentre una volta si puntava sulle dediche
Ma anche questa potrebbe essere una moda del momento: fino a vent’anni fa andavano per la maggiore le radio di “dediche”. Un fenomeno tutto romano, da non confondere con la semplice richiesta di dischi da mettere in onda: ne esistevano una trentina, da tempo scomparse perché la loro formula era incompatibile con una corretta gestione imprenditoriale della radio. Erano in sostanza delle talk radio: si parlava molto, gli ascoltatori telefonavano per richiedere i dischi, ma erano improvvisate e di bassa professionalità, caratteristica che non attirava gli inserzionisti, condannandole a una rapida chiusura. Ultime a morire Radio Chat Noir (FM 90.9) e Radio Gioia Paradise Amica (FM 106.35), ma se ne potrebbero citare molte.
Tra queste segnaliamo:
88.05 Radio Melody
89.3 Effetto Radio 1
89.5 Radio Studio 5
90.3 Radio Mary
96.6 Radio Mary 3 – Fedeltà FM
97.9 Radio Mary 2 – Radio Civiltà
100.5 Radio La Bussola
101.5 Radio Antenna Romana
104.75 Radio Lido
106.85 Radio Vega International
Le emittenti ascoltabili oggi in città
87.60 RAI Radio1 Lazio Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta (RAI) *Radio1_
87.90 Radio Onda Rossa Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta RADIO___ ONDA____ ROSSA___ 87.9_FM_ UN______ SEGNALE_ CHE_____ DISTURBA
88.10 Radio Manà Manà Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _RADIO__ _MANA’__ _MANA’
88.30 Radiofreccia Rocca di Papa/Madonna del Tufo FRECCIA_
88.60 Radio Radicale Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta RADIO___ RADICALE
88.90 Radio Zeta Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo ZETA____
89.10 Radio Cusano Campus Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _RADIO__ _CUSANO_ _CAMPUS_
89.30 Lazio Style Radio Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _LAZIO__ _STYLE__ _RADIO__ OFFICIAL SS.LAZIO SMS_333_ 3149900_ DIRETTA_ ___06___ 97607408 EFFETTO_ *_89.3_*
89.50 China FM Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo CHINA_FM
89.70 RAI Radio1 Lazio Roma/Monte Mario (RAI) *Radio1_
89.90 Retesport Rieti/Frazione Campoforogna (Monte Terminillo) __RETE__ __SPORT_
90.00 NSL Radio TV Monte Porzio Catone __NSL___
90.30 Radio Deejay Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _DEEJAY_
90.50 m2o Rocca di Papa _M_DUE_O
90.70 Radio Sonica Rocca di Papa _RADIO__ _SONICA_
90.90 Radio Cusano Tv Italia Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __RADIO_ _CUSANO_ ___TV___ _ITALIA_
91.20 RAI Radio2 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta (RAI) *Radio2_
91.50 RTL 102.5 Roma/Monte Mario RTL102.5
91.70 RAI Radio2 Roma/Monte Mario (RAI) *Radio2_
92.00 R101 Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro __R101__
92.20 RTL 102.5 Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro RTL102.5
92.40 RTL 102.5 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RTL102.5
92.70 Tele Radio Stereo Rocca di Papa TRS-TELE __RADIO_ _STEREO_
92.90 Spazio Radio-Onda Jazz Roma/Casilina SPAZIO_R
93.00 Radio Roma Capitale Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro RADIO___ ROMA____ CAPITALE
93.20 Radio Zeta Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro __ZETA__
93.20 Radio Quattro Roma/Via del Mascherino RADIO_4_ QUATTRO_
93.30 Radio Zeta Cittá del Vaticano/Palazzina Leone XIII __ZETA__
93.50 Radio Mater-inBlu Roma/Via Massimi R.MATER_
93.70 RAI Radio3 Roma/Monte Mario (RAI) *Radio3_
94.00 Radio Subasio Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro SUBASIO_
94.20 Virgin Radio Albano Laziale/Via dei Cappuccini _VIRGIN_
94.50 Radio Subasio Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo SUBASIO_
94.80 Radio Maria Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta R.MARIA_
95.10 Radio Maria Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena R.MARIA_
95.30 Radio Dimensione Musica Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana _Radio__ _*_RDM_*
95.50 Radio Capital Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena CAPITAL_
95.80 Radio Capital Castel San Pietro Romano/Campagnano _CAPITAL
96.10 Radio 105 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __105___
96.30 Radio inBlu Cittá del Vaticano/Palazzina Leone XIII …INBLU N_VERDE_ __800___ _371110_
96.50 Radio 105 Roma/Monte Mario __105___
96.60 Radio L’Olgiata Roma-Olgiata OLGIATA_
96.60 NSL Radio TV Roma/Via Luigi Maria Arconati __NSL___
96.60 Radio 105 Roma/Via Magliano in Toscana __105___
96.80 RID 96.8 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RID_____
97.00 m2o Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena _M_DUE_O
97.20 Radio Kiss Kiss Montecompatri/Frazione San Silvestro KISSKISS
97.50 Radio Italia SoloMusicaItaliana Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana R_ITALIA
97.70 M100 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __M100__
97.90 Radio Kiss Kiss Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana KISSKISS
98.10 Radiosei Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RADIOSEI
98.40 RAI Radio3 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta (RAI) *Radio3_
98.70 Virgin Radio Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana _VIRGIN_
99.00 RTR 99 Rocca di Papa _RTR_99_
99.20 Simply Radio Albano Laziale/Via dei Cappuccini *SIMPLY* *RADIO*_
99.40 RAI GR Parlamento Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta (RAI) RAI-GRPR
99.60 Radio Globo Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _GLOBO__
99.80 Radio IES Rocca di Papa RadioYES
100.00 R101 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta __R101__
100.30 Rai Radio3 Classica Roma/Monte Mario (RAI) RaiRadio Classica
100.50 Radio Italia Anni 60 Monte Porzio Catone R.ITALIA ANNI_60_
100.70 Roma Radio Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __ROMA__ _RADIO__ 50191421
101.00 Radio Deejay Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena _DEEJAY_
101.30 Centro Suono Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _CENTRO_ _SUONO__
101.50 Centro Suono Sport Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta _CENTRO_ _SUONO__ _SPORT__
101.70 Radio Evangelo (Roma) Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _RADIO__ EVANGELO
101.90 Dimensione Suono Roma Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo DIM*ROMA
102.10 Radiofreccia Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro _FRECCIA
102.30 TRS The Radio Station Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro TRS102.3 SMS_339_ 8416395_ MUSICA_E PAROLE__ SENZA___ ORARIO_E BANDIERE
102.40 Radio Radicale Roma/Monte Mario RADIO_*_ RADICALE
102.50 RTL 102.5 Roma/Via Luigi Maria Arconati RTL102.5
102.70 RAM Power Monte Compatri RAMPOWER
103.00 RDS Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo *_RDS_*_
103.30 Radio News Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana __NEWS__
103.50 RAI IsoRadio Rocca di Papa (RAI) ISORADIO RAI103.5
103.70 Radio Subasio Calvi dell’Umbria/Monte San Pancrazio SUBASIO_
103.80 Radio Vaticana 105 Live Cittá del Vaticano/Palazzina Leone XIII RADIO___ VATICANA ITALIA__ WHATSAPP 335_____ 1243722_
104.00 Radio Crik Crok Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena
104.20 Retesport Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena __RETE__ __SPORT_
104.50 Radio Radio Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro R-RADIO_
104.80 Radio Voce della Speranza (Roma) Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RVS_____ Tel.06__ 3210200_ __www.__ rvsroma_ .it_____
105.00 Radio Vaticana 105 Live Cittá del Vaticano/Palazzina Leone XIII Radio___ Vaticana Italia__
105.30 Dimensione Suono Soft Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo DIM*SOFT
105.60 Radio Italia SoloMusicaItaliana Rocca di Papa R_ITALIA
105.80 Radio Incontro Olympia Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo INCONTRO
106.10 RMC – Radio Monte Carlo Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana __RMC___
106.30 RMC – Radio Monte Carlo Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __RMC___
106.60 Radio Rock Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __ROCK__
106.90 Radio Mambo Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo R-MAMBO_ EL_RITMO VIDA____
107.10 Antenna Uno Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo ANTENNA1
107.40 Radio 105 Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro __105___
107.60 Radio L’Olgiata Monte Compatri OLGIATA_
107.70 Radio Radicale Rieti/Frazione Campoforogna (Monte Terminillo) RADIO___ RADICALE
107.90 Radio 24 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RADIO_24
For two years an all female broadcaster is shaking the tree in this West African country that – according to a UN report – is one of the fifteen less developed countries in the world. The radio station aims to raise awareness on gender equality, formally granted by the constitution, but very difficult to apply in a Muslim and patriarchal society that still uses genital mutilation on young women. Born in Bafata, thanks to the efforts of Periodistas Solidarios – a NGO from Seville (Spain), it operates with equipment donated by Radio Nacional de España and Canal Sur Radio (Regional government of Andalusia’s official radio station); now the project is supported by UN. It could be a coincidence, but within a year the main broadcaster of the city (RCB, Radio Comunitaria de Bafata, 105.5 MHz) hired three women: previously the transmissions were all hosted by men. Radio broadcasting isn’t easy in Guinea Bissau, not only for social and political reasons: electricity is only supplied for a couple of hours during the night, so it’s necessary relying on photovoltaic panels or generators.
Due to the Covid-19 crisis the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation offered radio and television broadcasters the opportunity to reduce the power of their transmitters and to turn them off at night (from 24.00 to 6.00) in order to save energy. This measure is in place from 24th April to 31st December, 2020. However, very few radio stations have taken this up. They are afraid that reducing power and coverage area could cause a drop in the numbers of listeners and commercials. Advertising is already going very badly. Advertising spots have dropped by 70% and 80% in many areas of the country and the ministry believes that broadcasters’ budgets will be more than halved this year (their revenues will be down by about 8 billion rubles)
Subsidies and cuts to rent and royalties
In order to compensate for financial losses, radio stations are asking for funding as well as a lowering of RTRS fees (Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Network, the company that manages transmitters), which are considered two or three times higher than those of private companies. They would also appreciate a respite with a lowering of royalties for music rights. The Deputy Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation, Alexey Volin, declared that their request for subsidies was unrealistic and stated that the measures currently in place were sufficient. However, he was more open on the subject of lowering royalties which he declared was a more reasonable request.
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President Nicolas Maduro’s regime holds broadcasters in check by imposing sanctions or closures. Hence journalists are self-censoring to avoid trouble. The radio stations are kept a check on by Conatel (Comision Nacional de Telecomunicaciones), the Venezuelan telecommunications regulator, which is very quick to revoke broadcast licenses of ‘rogue’ radio stations. They closed over 60 broadcasters in 2018. The Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores del Prensa has reported that another 27 radio stations have suffered loss of equipment due to theft.
Rumbera has relocated to the Internet
The latest broadcaster to end up in the sights of the inspectors is a radio station of Rumbera Network (one of 21 stations) that transmitted on 106.9 FM from Los Valles del Tuy, in the state of Miranda. In February 2020 their antenna was damaged and then on May 15th, 2020 Conatel closed them down because their broadcasting license had expired. This was a decision that the owner, Eliu Ramos, deemed discriminatory because a large number of radio stations transmitting in the country have not been authorised and are not sanctioned. He added that he had applied for a renewal of the license several times, but the application had always been declined. Transmissions now continue on the Internet.
To find out more
The Venezuelan periodical, El Carabobeño gives more details on the situation of broadcasters here. It was published on May 20th, 2020, on the occasion of National Radio Day which was established in 1926 when the country began radio transmissions on mediumwave. FM transmissions, on the other hand, began on January 1st, 1975.
Cuts for five major broadcasters in Europe are on their way. While in Italy some radio stations are asking their listeners for help.
Austria: ORF is cutting outgoings
The director general of ORF, Alexander Wrabetz, has announced cuts of € 75 million are to be made by the end of 2021. These will be implemented in all areas in the company, from equipment to the cost of personnel. This year the broadcasting station is predicting losses that go from a minimum of € 28.6 million to up to € 54 million, should the worst scenario play out. The budgets allocated for major events will not be touched (€ 40 million for the rights of the European Football Championship and the Olympics). This is also the case for other investments which include digitalisation. Click here for more details from the article on Horizont.
France: Cost cutting plans for the public radio causes controversy
Cuts in the budget had already been decided on in 2018, in a period long before the present crisis. The Government had demanded a reduction of € 190 million in funds to public broadcasters (by 2022). € 20 million of spending cuts were destined for Radio France and in 2019 the CEO Sibyle Veil had prepared a plan that involved cutting 250 jobs. This provoked the longest strike in the history of public radio. The strike lasted 63 days (in total) during the end of 2019 and the beginning of 2020. The trade unions consider the cuts unjustified and after a period of truce due to the Covid-19 crisis, the unrest could restart.
Germany: NDR raises the crossbar by € 60 million
The German broadcasting company Norddeutscher Rundfunk, NDR, wants to cut € 60 million more than the € 240 million that had been already decided on for the next four years.
The director, Joachim Knuth, is not going to reduce personnel but will not be employing new staff for 200 vacant positions. Furthermore, programmes and a series of events will be cancelled. Among those to go are crime series, entertainment and game shows on TV. Click here for more details from the article on Der Spiegel.
Italy: Onda d’Urto is banking on subscriptions
Radio Onda d’Urto in Brescia has launched a campaign for subscriptions to compensate for the missing revenues caused by the probable cancellation of the Festival of Radio Onda. The event, that is to be held in August, is the main source of finance for the broadcaster and even if it is not cancelled, it will be much smaller.
United Kingdom: £ 125 million have gone ‘missing’ at the BBC
The coffers of the public broadcasting station, BBC, are down £ 75 million due to
a delay: Listeners over seventy five were due to pay TV fees from June 1st, 2020, but this has been postponed to August 1st, 2020. This amount rises further because of losses caused by a drop in advertising and the postponement of a plan to reduce the workforce by cutting 450 jobs. According to the director general, Tony Hall, the cuts need to total £ 125 million. Upper management salaries will be frozen until August 2021 and a freeze will be put on all recruitment that is not indispensable. Other TV stations are not doing any better. ITV, free-to-air, has made a cut of £ 100 million to their budget and Channel 4 (a public broadcaster) has made a cut of £ 150 million. Further details can be found here.
Spain: SER cuts cost of personnel
Spains main network, Cadena SER, owned by the Prisa group (they own the daily newspaper El Pais and have business interests in 24 countries) is reducing the cost of labour. Of the personnel employed by the radio, 256 workers have been laid off until July 12th, 2020, (on unemployment benefit) while another 924 have a salary reduction of 10% until December 31st, 2020. Cadena Ser has 202 stations and the Prisa group also owns Cadena 100 and Los 40 Principales.
Click here for details in the article of El Español.
Everything will fade into past memories, but it is worth seeing some of the photographs taken in these last few months again. They include announcers and journalists broadcasting live from home, and courses for listeners on how to make their own radio programmes. It is also worth mentioning the vade mecums that have appeared in online magazines and on the websites of various associations. Their advice goes from how to choose equipment and software for a home studio to the procedures needed to protect radio station studios from contagion. There are even broadcasters that have put their studio disinfection procedures on show or have used their facemasks for self-promotion.
Radio stations broadcasting live from home
Belgium: While a lot of broadcasters, in spite of homely backgrounds, are narrowing the field of view with close-ups to give a professional touch, with the photographs of VRT Studio Brussel, a Flemish speaking public radio station, your eye tends to be drawn to the furnishings which reflect the personality of the announcer and goes from the large philodendron in the foreground to the bookcase on the right, and the door opening onto another room, making you wonder where it goes to.
Italy: When Roberto Zicchitella was conducting Radio3 Mondo live from his flat, his curious cat leapt onto his desk to sniff his tablet. The international news programme is on air on the public radio station, Rai Radio 3.
Spain: The SER network teaching listeners how to make a radio programme
The journalist, Pedro Blanco of Cadena Ser (a network of 202 radio stations we have spoken about in a previous article) on air with a radio workshop teaching listeners how to make their own programmes to then send to the radio station.
Canada: How to go on air from a distance
ARC, a Canadian alliance of community radio stations, explains how to equip yourself to produce your own show from home without excessive costs. They suggest a selection of hardware and software, some free of charge.
An antivirus guide for radio stations
This guide in the American magazine ‘Inside Radio’ lists 12 things to do in order to prevent contagion in radio stations.
And in Italy?
After disinfecting the Milan studios of Radio Millennium, the ‘ghostbusters’ pose for a photograph.
Radio Rock ‘designer’ masks:
Back in the golden years of free radio, listeners used to stick adhesives of their favourite radio stations onto their cars. Today the Roman station, Radio Rock, has made face masks with their own logos on them. Will this become a fashion with other stations?
The crisis funds to support local radio and TV stations are ‘totally inadequate’. This is how the associations representing broadcasters have branded the funds allocated for the sector in the draft copy of the ‘ Revival Decree’, which the Government is preparing in order to shore up the Italian economy which has been weakened by the pandemic. The Italian Publishers Association reaffirmed in a brief press release that ‘while undergoing a drastic reduction in revenues (often up to 80%) radio and TV stations have continually carried out the role of public interest nationwide’. Aeranti-Corallo, Confindustria Radio Televisioni and Associazione Alpi are therefore asking for ‘an adequate allocation of funds’. This is because the sector is ‘strategic in order to restart the economy, which is based on small and medium-sized companies that produce 58% of the turnover of industry in Italy’. The 40 million euros planned in the Cura Italia Decree (March 16th, 2020) were cancelled at the last moment.
The complaints have had an effect. According to the latest draft of the decree (May 19th, 2020) which has not been published yet, the funds have apparently returned to € 40 million. We will update you shortly.
In previous articles we spoke about the collapse in advertising, the request made by Aeranti-Corallo for funds of 130 million euros and the allocations of funds made by other governments from Spain to the United States.
The pandemic has wreaked havoc on the championships and programme schedules of pay TV. Now they are arguing over payment of instalments for television rights.
The Italian football clubs are preparing to sue. At the end of April 2020 they issued invoices to Sky, Dazn and Img for a total of 220 million euros. If unpaid, their next move will be to file an injunction of payment. However, following a suggestion proposed by Sky, in order to give the clubs time to organise themselves, the TV stations are asking for an immediate discount on this season or the next.
BeIN Sports and Canal+ in France refused to pay their last instalments (42 million and 110 million respectively) for coverage of Ligue 1 and Ligue 2.
Since then, Canal+ has come to an agreement in order to avoid causing the clubs problems with liquidity.
Discovery, in Germany, is trying to terminate their contract with Bundesliga.
In Great Britain, DAZN has asked Premier League to defer rights payments.
Altice has suspended payments in Portugal.
In Brazil, Federcalcio di San Paolo sent a letter to Globo, declaring that they will not pay the last instalment for broadcasting rights of the championship, which has been suspended due to the pandemic.