The decision by the German group Bertelsmann to sell two leading broadcasters in terms of ratings (TV M6 and radio RTL are both in second place) has opened up competition between major French patrons. Four bids have already been submitted and the competition is expected to be fierce. There are also political interests: in 2022 there will be presidential elections, and the transfer of the two stations could reshape the media landscape. Especially if Vincent Bolloré, who has changed the political line of CNews (all news network) and shifted it to extreme right-wing positions, wins the elections. Details on the protagonists and the political balances at stake in the article of the Italian newspaper ‘Corriere della sera’.
The repression of President Nicolás Maduro’s regime has claimed another victim: Selecta FM, which operated on 102.7 MHz from Machiques, in the state of Zulia, in the northwest of the South American country. It was deactivated by Conatel (Comisión Nacional de Telecomunicaciones) officials, who seized the equipment on the evening of Friday, 5 March 2021. This was reported by the SNTP (Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores de la Prensa), which wrote on Twitter that the station had already been intimidated on 26 February, when its premises were attacked during an interview with an opposition leader. More details in the Swissinfo.ch article.
Selecta continues broadcasting on the web
The economic crisis caused by the pandemic is having an impact on broadcasters’ turnover, which according to the InfoAdex study on advertising investment in Spain in 2020 will drop by 22.9% for all stations. This is a total of 111.5 million euros that will be lost and which will impact mainly on the large commercial networks such as Cadena Ser and Cope (which have lost 25.4 and 24.4% respectively). Broadcasters consider intervening again in the contracts of the big stars (including Pepa Bueno and Carlos Herrera), cutting them for the second consecutive year and probably until the end of 2021. And the situation shows no sign of improving, as the January 2021 InfoAdex figures put the decline at 26.7%.
More details on the smaller radio stations in the article by the independent newspaper El Español.
As we anticipated in 2019 (news here), Ireland’s public broadcaster (Raidió Teilifís Éireann or RTÉ) will switch off the DAB channels on 31 March 2021, but will not close the RTÉ Gold, RTÉ 2XM, RTÉ Radio 1 Extra, RTÉ Pulse and RTÉjr Radio channels, which it will make available on other digital platforms. The decision was taken for three reasons: to reduce costs, the small number of listeners in the DAB band and the fact that RTÉ is the only Irish broadcaster in the digital band. The majority of Irish people (77%) listen to FM radio, compared to 0.5% for DAB. This is according to the latest radio listening survey (JNLR, Radio in a Digital World), conducted by market research institute Ipsos MRBI.
More details here.
It would have switched off its transmitter on 31 December 2020, abandoning 580 kHz on medium waves. But the station made famous by its music programming focusing on tango, folklore and typical Uruguayan music continues to transmit. The decision by the owners, who wanted to continue on the web, was overruled by Pablo da Silveira, Minister of Education and Culture, who announced that the government would intervene to temporarily run the station to allow negotiations to take place with potential buyers, who have already come forward. Clarín broadcasts daily about 100 songs by Carlos Gardel, one of the most important interpreters of River Plate and Latin American song. The repertoire is limited to 488 recordings of the highest technical quality so that the same song can be heard every five days.
ABSTRACT (in english)
From Italy begins a journey to the world’s urban radio landscapes. Rome’s radio station dial is full of local stations (36 of the 94 listenable frequencies), while most of the country is dominated by national networks. Among the capital’s radio stations, one out of four speaks about football, giving voice to the fans of the two teams (Roma and Lazio). This has not always been the case: until twenty years ago, talk radio stations were fashionable, but today they have disappeared, but it is possible to listen to some recordings with ads, commercials and programme clips on a site that tells the story.
Article (in italiano)
Inizia dall’Italia il percorso nei panorami radiofonici mondiali, ideato per entrare nello “spirito” delle emittenti che popolano l’etere delle capitali.
La Capitale è tra le poche città italiane a vantare un panorama radiofonico ricco di realtà locali, a differenza, per esempio, di Milano, dove molte emittenti di successo si sono trasformate in network di dimensione nazionale o multi-regionale, affievolendo il legame con il territorio. A Roma, invece, su 94 frequenze ricevibili con un ricevitore domestico o l’autoradio, ben 36 (il 39%) sono locali, come mostra il bandscan realizzato da Armando Finocchi.
Oggi va di moda il calcio
In città hanno sede otto radio nazionali diffuse in FM, delle quali cinque sono pubbliche (Rai Radio1, Rai Radio2, Rai Radio3, GR Parlamento e Isoradio) e tre commerciali (m2o, RDS e Radio Capital). Delle emittenti locali o regionali, una su quattro (8 su 32) si è specializzata nel calcio e alcune sono di proprietà delle società sportive. Molto seguite, basano il loro successo anche sul fatto che dedicano ampio spazio ai commenti e alla dietrologia alimentata dalla rivalità delle tifoserie rivali.
…mentre una volta si puntava sulle dediche
Ma anche questa potrebbe essere una moda del momento: fino a vent’anni fa andavano per la maggiore le radio di “dediche”. Un fenomeno tutto romano, da non confondere con la semplice richiesta di dischi da mettere in onda: ne esistevano una trentina, da tempo scomparse perché la loro formula era incompatibile con una corretta gestione imprenditoriale della radio. Erano in sostanza delle talk radio: si parlava molto, gli ascoltatori telefonavano per richiedere i dischi, ma erano improvvisate e di bassa professionalità, caratteristica che non attirava gli inserzionisti, condannandole a una rapida chiusura. Ultime a morire Radio Chat Noir (FM 90.9) e Radio Gioia Paradise Amica (FM 106.35), ma se ne potrebbero citare molte.
Tra queste segnaliamo:
88.05 Radio Melody
89.3 Effetto Radio 1
89.5 Radio Studio 5
90.3 Radio Mary
96.6 Radio Mary 3 – Fedeltà FM
97.9 Radio Mary 2 – Radio Civiltà
100.5 Radio La Bussola
101.5 Radio Antenna Romana
104.75 Radio Lido
106.85 Radio Vega International
Le emittenti ascoltabili oggi in città
87.60 RAI Radio1 Lazio Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta (RAI) *Radio1_
87.90 Radio Onda Rossa Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta RADIO___ ONDA____ ROSSA___ 87.9_FM_ UN______ SEGNALE_ CHE_____ DISTURBA
88.10 Radio Manà Manà Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _RADIO__ _MANA’__ _MANA’
88.30 Radiofreccia Rocca di Papa/Madonna del Tufo FRECCIA_
88.60 Radio Radicale Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta RADIO___ RADICALE
88.90 Radio Zeta Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo ZETA____
89.10 Radio Cusano Campus Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _RADIO__ _CUSANO_ _CAMPUS_
89.30 Lazio Style Radio Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _LAZIO__ _STYLE__ _RADIO__ OFFICIAL SS.LAZIO SMS_333_ 3149900_ DIRETTA_ ___06___ 97607408 EFFETTO_ *_89.3_*
89.50 China FM Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo CHINA_FM
89.70 RAI Radio1 Lazio Roma/Monte Mario (RAI) *Radio1_
89.90 Retesport Rieti/Frazione Campoforogna (Monte Terminillo) __RETE__ __SPORT_
90.00 NSL Radio TV Monte Porzio Catone __NSL___
90.30 Radio Deejay Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _DEEJAY_
90.50 m2o Rocca di Papa _M_DUE_O
90.70 Radio Sonica Rocca di Papa _RADIO__ _SONICA_
90.90 Radio Cusano Tv Italia Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __RADIO_ _CUSANO_ ___TV___ _ITALIA_
91.20 RAI Radio2 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta (RAI) *Radio2_
91.50 RTL 102.5 Roma/Monte Mario RTL102.5
91.70 RAI Radio2 Roma/Monte Mario (RAI) *Radio2_
92.00 R101 Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro __R101__
92.20 RTL 102.5 Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro RTL102.5
92.40 RTL 102.5 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RTL102.5
92.70 Tele Radio Stereo Rocca di Papa TRS-TELE __RADIO_ _STEREO_
92.90 Spazio Radio-Onda Jazz Roma/Casilina SPAZIO_R
93.00 Radio Roma Capitale Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro RADIO___ ROMA____ CAPITALE
93.20 Radio Zeta Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro __ZETA__
93.20 Radio Quattro Roma/Via del Mascherino RADIO_4_ QUATTRO_
93.30 Radio Zeta Cittá del Vaticano/Palazzina Leone XIII __ZETA__
93.50 Radio Mater-inBlu Roma/Via Massimi R.MATER_
93.70 RAI Radio3 Roma/Monte Mario (RAI) *Radio3_
94.00 Radio Subasio Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro SUBASIO_
94.20 Virgin Radio Albano Laziale/Via dei Cappuccini _VIRGIN_
94.50 Radio Subasio Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo SUBASIO_
94.80 Radio Maria Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta R.MARIA_
95.10 Radio Maria Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena R.MARIA_
95.30 Radio Dimensione Musica Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana _Radio__ _*_RDM_*
95.50 Radio Capital Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena CAPITAL_
95.80 Radio Capital Castel San Pietro Romano/Campagnano _CAPITAL
96.10 Radio 105 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __105___
96.30 Radio inBlu Cittá del Vaticano/Palazzina Leone XIII …INBLU N_VERDE_ __800___ _371110_
96.50 Radio 105 Roma/Monte Mario __105___
96.60 Radio L’Olgiata Roma-Olgiata OLGIATA_
96.60 NSL Radio TV Roma/Via Luigi Maria Arconati __NSL___
96.60 Radio 105 Roma/Via Magliano in Toscana __105___
96.80 RID 96.8 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RID_____
97.00 m2o Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena _M_DUE_O
97.20 Radio Kiss Kiss Montecompatri/Frazione San Silvestro KISSKISS
97.50 Radio Italia SoloMusicaItaliana Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana R_ITALIA
97.70 M100 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __M100__
97.90 Radio Kiss Kiss Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana KISSKISS
98.10 Radiosei Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RADIOSEI
98.40 RAI Radio3 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta (RAI) *Radio3_
98.70 Virgin Radio Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana _VIRGIN_
99.00 RTR 99 Rocca di Papa _RTR_99_
99.20 Simply Radio Albano Laziale/Via dei Cappuccini *SIMPLY* *RADIO*_
99.40 RAI GR Parlamento Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta (RAI) RAI-GRPR
99.60 Radio Globo Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _GLOBO__
99.80 Radio IES Rocca di Papa RadioYES
100.00 R101 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta __R101__
100.30 Rai Radio3 Classica Roma/Monte Mario (RAI) RaiRadio Classica
100.50 Radio Italia Anni 60 Monte Porzio Catone R.ITALIA ANNI_60_
100.70 Roma Radio Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __ROMA__ _RADIO__ 50191421
101.00 Radio Deejay Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena _DEEJAY_
101.30 Centro Suono Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _CENTRO_ _SUONO__
101.50 Centro Suono Sport Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo vetta _CENTRO_ _SUONO__ _SPORT__
101.70 Radio Evangelo (Roma) Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo _RADIO__ EVANGELO
101.90 Dimensione Suono Roma Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo DIM*ROMA
102.10 Radiofreccia Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro _FRECCIA
102.30 TRS The Radio Station Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro TRS102.3 SMS_339_ 8416395_ MUSICA_E PAROLE__ SENZA___ ORARIO_E BANDIERE
102.40 Radio Radicale Roma/Monte Mario RADIO_*_ RADICALE
102.50 RTL 102.5 Roma/Via Luigi Maria Arconati RTL102.5
102.70 RAM Power Monte Compatri RAMPOWER
103.00 RDS Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo *_RDS_*_
103.30 Radio News Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana __NEWS__
103.50 RAI IsoRadio Rocca di Papa (RAI) ISORADIO RAI103.5
103.70 Radio Subasio Calvi dell’Umbria/Monte San Pancrazio SUBASIO_
103.80 Radio Vaticana 105 Live Cittá del Vaticano/Palazzina Leone XIII RADIO___ VATICANA ITALIA__ WHATSAPP 335_____ 1243722_
104.00 Radio Crik Crok Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena
104.20 Retesport Monte Compatri/Frazione Pratarena __RETE__ __SPORT_
104.50 Radio Radio Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro R-RADIO_
104.80 Radio Voce della Speranza (Roma) Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RVS_____ Tel.06__ 3210200_ __www.__ rvsroma_ .it_____
105.00 Radio Vaticana 105 Live Cittá del Vaticano/Palazzina Leone XIII Radio___ Vaticana Italia__
105.30 Dimensione Suono Soft Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo DIM*SOFT
105.60 Radio Italia SoloMusicaItaliana Rocca di Papa R_ITALIA
105.80 Radio Incontro Olympia Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo INCONTRO
106.10 RMC – Radio Monte Carlo Frascati/Hotel Villa Tuscolana __RMC___
106.30 RMC – Radio Monte Carlo Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __RMC___
106.60 Radio Rock Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo __ROCK__
106.90 Radio Mambo Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo R-MAMBO_ EL_RITMO VIDA____
107.10 Antenna Uno Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo ANTENNA1
107.40 Radio 105 Palombara Sabina/Monte Gennaro __105___
107.60 Radio L’Olgiata Monte Compatri OLGIATA_
107.70 Radio Radicale Rieti/Frazione Campoforogna (Monte Terminillo) RADIO___ RADICALE
107.90 Radio 24 Rocca di Papa/Monte Cavo RADIO_24
For two years an all female broadcaster is shaking the tree in this West African country that – according to a UN report – is one of the fifteen less developed countries in the world. The radio station aims to raise awareness on gender equality, formally granted by the constitution, but very difficult to apply in a Muslim and patriarchal society that still uses genital mutilation on young women. Born in Bafata, thanks to the efforts of Periodistas Solidarios – a NGO from Seville (Spain), it operates with equipment donated by Radio Nacional de España and Canal Sur Radio (Regional government of Andalusia’s official radio station); now the project is supported by UN. It could be a coincidence, but within a year the main broadcaster of the city (RCB, Radio Comunitaria de Bafata, 105.5 MHz) hired three women: previously the transmissions were all hosted by men. Radio broadcasting isn’t easy in Guinea Bissau, not only for social and political reasons: electricity is only supplied for a couple of hours during the night, so it’s necessary relying on photovoltaic panels or generators.
Due to the Covid-19 crisis the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation offered radio and television broadcasters the opportunity to reduce the power of their transmitters and to turn them off at night (from 24.00 to 6.00) in order to save energy. This measure is in place from 24th April to 31st December, 2020. However, very few radio stations have taken this up. They are afraid that reducing power and coverage area could cause a drop in the numbers of listeners and commercials. Advertising is already going very badly. Advertising spots have dropped by 70% and 80% in many areas of the country and the ministry believes that broadcasters’ budgets will be more than halved this year (their revenues will be down by about 8 billion rubles)
Subsidies and cuts to rent and royalties
In order to compensate for financial losses, radio stations are asking for funding as well as a lowering of RTRS fees (Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Network, the company that manages transmitters), which are considered two or three times higher than those of private companies. They would also appreciate a respite with a lowering of royalties for music rights. The Deputy Minister of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation, Alexey Volin, declared that their request for subsidies was unrealistic and stated that the measures currently in place were sufficient. However, he was more open on the subject of lowering royalties which he declared was a more reasonable request.
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President Nicolas Maduro’s regime holds broadcasters in check by imposing sanctions or closures. Hence journalists are self-censoring to avoid trouble. The radio stations are kept a check on by Conatel (Comision Nacional de Telecomunicaciones), the Venezuelan telecommunications regulator, which is very quick to revoke broadcast licenses of ‘rogue’ radio stations. They closed over 60 broadcasters in 2018. The Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores del Prensa has reported that another 27 radio stations have suffered loss of equipment due to theft.
Rumbera has relocated to the Internet
The latest broadcaster to end up in the sights of the inspectors is a radio station of Rumbera Network (one of 21 stations) that transmitted on 106.9 FM from Los Valles del Tuy, in the state of Miranda. In February 2020 their antenna was damaged and then on May 15th, 2020 Conatel closed them down because their broadcasting license had expired. This was a decision that the owner, Eliu Ramos, deemed discriminatory because a large number of radio stations transmitting in the country have not been authorised and are not sanctioned. He added that he had applied for a renewal of the license several times, but the application had always been declined. Transmissions now continue on the Internet.
To find out more
The Venezuelan periodical, El Carabobeño gives more details on the situation of broadcasters here. It was published on May 20th, 2020, on the occasion of National Radio Day which was established in 1926 when the country began radio transmissions on mediumwave. FM transmissions, on the other hand, began on January 1st, 1975.